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The industrial revolution and mass production has led to the fact that more and more people began to appear free time. In the same period, deaf physical culture and at the other end of Eurasia, in China, where under the influence of Confucianism fell interest in the physical development of man. At this time in bourgeois England fold tradition of so-called "sport of gentlemen": young people from rich families, not so much played sports themselves, how many participated in betting on horse races and competitions in running and Boxing, sponsoring the development of these sports and indirectly influence the formation of a stable, common throughout the country rules. Founded in the I century BC the image of a professional athlete — fist fighter — works by Apollonius, son of Nestor, shows how far by this time left the concept of the sport from his original idea. K. The English approach to the sport has spread in continental Europe and in the overseas colonies, becoming dominant in the Western world; under the influence of "gentleman's sport" of competitive element penetrated in national sports, particularly in speed skating in the Netherlands.
 With the beginning of the Renaissance in Western and Central Europe returns interest in the harmonious development of the human body. After transformation of Christianity into the state religion of the Roman Empire ancient physical culture went into decline and in 394 year, under the Emperor Theodosius, was followed by the refusal of the Olympic games and the Olympic calendar. Already in the thirteenth century appear treadmills and organized production begins skates, and in the fourteenth century are found descriptions of a variety of ball games — tennis, fives, bendable, football (in England and in Italy, where the game was called "Calcio"), bowling, hurling. More people wanted and could make sport part of their lives, playing sports directly or devoting their leisure time watching sports. Already in the thirteenth century appear treadmills and organized production begins skates, and in the fourteenth century are found descriptions of a variety of ball games — tennis, fives, bendable, football (in England and in Italy, where the game was called "Calcio"), bowling, hurling. In France in the same century is booming jeu de Paume — the predecessor of tennis. Contemporary Englishman, who visited France at the end of the century, wrote that the number of sites for playing the ball exceeded the number of churches.